Sharon et al (2008) have written an interesting paper about “three intertwined domains: the product, the project and the enterprise“.
Their figure, above, shows how the “program management” overlaps in a number of issues with the product’s “systems engineering” process. The paper goes on to explain how “the combined Project-Product Lifecycle Management (PPLM) approach is intended to help the
system engineering manager to properly tailor the specific product to be delivered by its specific project within a specific enterprise“. It’s a bit geeky but there are some thought provoking ideas.
Sharon, Amira, Valeria Perelman, and Dov Dori. “A project-product lifecycle management approach for improved systems engineering practices.” Proc 18th Annu INCOSE Conf, Utrecht, The Netherlands. 2008.